Cross-Cultural Communication: Communication Accommodation Experiences of Pattani Students with Javanese Students at IAIN Tulungagung

Mohamad Jazeri, Dwi Astuti Wahyu Nurhayati


Cultural differences between native and Indonesian culture makes foreign students in Indonesia experience a culture shock. Such case occurs on students from Pattani, South Thailand, who study in IAIN Tulungagung. To overcome that culture shock, Pattani students do communication accommodation to make them feel comfortable in a new environment, and thus can be accepted by Javanese students from Indonesia. This research was a kind of qualitative study. The data were collected by using observation and interview techniques. To find out the forms of communication accommodation performed by Pattani students, the researchers adopted communication accommodation theory by Giles. The results of this research revealed that there were two forms of communication accommodation performed by Pattani student. Firstly, convergence, was performed when Pattani students tried to level communication behavior with their speech partners. Convergence done by Pattani students can be classified into pre-convergence, convergence process, and post convergence. Secondly, divergence, is defending Pattani identity when communicating with Javanese students. Divergence accommodation were performed in two forms namely verbal and non-verbal.


accommodation, communication, convergence, divergence

Full Text:



Aisha, S., & Mulyana, D. (2019). Indonesian postgraduate students’ intercultural communication experiences in the United Kingdom. Jurnal Kajian Komunikasi, 7(1), 1–13.

Cargile, A. C., & Giles, H. (1996). Intercultural communication training: Review, critique, and a new theoretical framework (Gudykunts (Ed.), Communicative yearbook 19). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Chang, Y. (2011). The Relationship between International Students’ Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Dominant Language in Taiwan. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 1(7).

Coupland, N., Coupland, J., Giles, H., & Henwood, K. (1988). Accommodating the elderly: Invoking and extending a theory1. Language in Society.

Coupland, N., & Giles, H. (1988). Introduction the communicative contexts of accommodation. Language and Communication.

Gayatri, M.N., & Andhini, N.I. (2016). (2016). International students’cross-cultura;l and language adaptation in Indonesia (An Analysis of Turkish and Kyrgyz students of English Department at State University of Semarang). , 585-590. Sebelas Maret University. Dipresentasikan pada International Seminar Prasasti III: Current Research in Linguistics, Sebelas Maret University.

Giles, H, Coupland, J., & Coupland, N. (2010). Accommodation theory: Communication, context, and consequence. In H. Giles, N. Coupland, & Coupland (Eds.), Contexts of Accommodation: Developments in applied sociolinguistics. Diambil dari

Giles, Howard, Coupland, N., & Coupland, J. (2010). Accommodation theory: Communication, context, and consequence. Dalam Contexts of Accommodation.

Giles, Howard, & Ogay, T. (2007). Communication Accommodation Theory. Dalam Explaining communication: Contemporary theories and exemplars (hlm. 293–310). Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.

Gudykunts, W. B. (1995). Anxiety uncertainty management (AUM) theory: Current status. In R.L.Wiseman (Ed.), Intercultural communication theory. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Huang, H., & Yongsheng, C. (2011). The relationship between international students’ and cross-cultural adaptation and dominant language in Taiwan. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 1(7), 137–145.

Huang, Y. (2014). Constructing intercultural communicative competence framework for English learners. Cross-Cultural Communication, 10(1), 97–101.

Lombard, C. A. (2014). Coping with anxiety and rebuilding identity: A psychosynthesis approach to culture shock. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 27(2), 174–199.

Lukyanova, N., Daneykin, Y., & Daneikina, N. (2015). Communicative Competence Management Approaches in Higher Education. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 214, 565–570.

Mastor, K. A. J., Sulehan, H., Mustafa, J., Pawanteh, L., Basri, H., Abdullah, S., … Axel, H. (2011). Personality traits orientation of University Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM and UKM-University Duisburg-Essen (UDE) engineering students. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 8(18), 196–203.

Miles & Huberman. (2014). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook (3rd ed.). Dalam Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook (2nd ed.).

Muchtar, K., Koswara, I., & Setiaman, A. (2019). Komunikasi Antar Budaya dalam Perspektif. Jurnal Manajemen Komunikasi, 1(1), 114–124.

Mulyana, D., & Eka, S. B. (2017). Indonesian Students’Cross-cultural Adaptation in Busan, Korea. Jurnal ASPIKOM, 3(2), 144–156.

Nasirudeen, A. M. A., Josephine, K., Adeline, L., Seng, L., & Ling, H. (2014). Acculturative Stress among Asian International Students in Singapore. Journal of International Students, 4(4).

Qun, W., Syihabuddin, Mulyati, Y., & Damaianti, S. V. (2018). Perceiving and dealing with culture shock: The study of Chinese Indonesian-language students. International Journal of Education, 11(1).

Rinehart, R. (2002). Utilitarian or idealist? Frameworks for assessing the study abroad experience, in Grunzweig, W., & Rinehart, N. (Eds.), Rockin’ in Red Square: Critical approaches to international education in the age of cyberculture=. Munster: Lit Verlag.

Safril, S. (2016). Akomodasi Komunikasi dalam Culture Shock Mahasiswa Patani Thailand. Ilmu Dakwah: Academic Journal for Homiletic Studies, 10(2), 331–354.

Safril, Safril. (2016). Akomodasi Komunikasi dalam Culture Shock Mahasiswa Patani Thailand. Ilmu Dakwah: Academic Journal for Homiletic Studies, 10(2), 331–354.

Samovar, S., Larry, A., Richard, E., Porter, P., Edwin, R., & McDaniel. (2006). Intercultural Communication: A Reader. London: Thomson Wadsworth.

Saylag, R. (2013). Culture Shock an obstacle for EFL learners. 4th World Conference on Psychology, Counselling and Guidance 2013. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 114, 533–537.

Sentosa, A. T. (2015). Pola Komunikasi Dalam Proses Interaksi Sosial Di Pondok Pesantren Nurul Islam Samarinda. Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi, 3(3), 491–503.

Supianoski, W. D. (2012). Cross Cultural interactions Students. Thesis of (Thesis). University of Wisconsin, Whitewater.

Syam, S. (2019). Mengenal Islamisasi: Konflik dan Akomodasi (Kajian Tentang Proses Penyebaran Islam Periode Awal di Nusantara). Al-Hikmah: Jurnal Dakwah Dan Ilmu Komunikasi, 1(2), 76–84.

Syihabuddin, S. (2014). Merespon konvergensi peradaban dunia melalui bikulturalisme dan internalisasi nilai budaya dalam konteks pendidikan tinggi. Dipresentasikan pada Seminar Nasional Forum Pimpinan Pascasarjana LPTK Indonesia.

White, M., Giles, H., Coupland, J., & Coupland, N. (1993). Contexts of Accommodation. Language.

Yang, M., Webster, B., & Prosser, M. (2011). Travelling a Thousand Miles: Hongkong Chinese Students’ Study Abroad Experience. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 35(1), 69–78.

Yohana, N., & Yozani, R. E. (2017). Akomodasi Komunikasi Antarbudaya Imigran Ilegal Asal Afganistan dengan Masyarakat Kota Pekanbaru. Jurnal Komunikasi, 11(2), 95.

Zhang, W. (2014). A brief study on culture shock over overseas students and the solution to new cultural environments. Overseas English, (23), 219–220.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

JELTL (Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics); Web:;

Creative Commons License
JELTL by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Indexed and Abstracted BY: