The Roles and Symbolism of Mangupa in Sipirok Traditional Wedding Ceremony

Irmayanti Irmayanti


This paper qualitatively examines the roles and symbolism of mangupa in Sipirok wedding ceremony. Results revealed that the presence of piramanuk na dihobolan ( boiling eggs), manuk (chicken), hambeng ( goat meat), and horbo (buffalo meat) in the Sipirok wedding ceremony bring a symbolic meaning for the hosts, bridegroom, their family and guests. Symbolizing of fertility, appreciation, sweet life to the bridegroom, blessing, creating strong bonding, good relationships between guests and marriage declaration are some of the significant on the present those mangupa in the  Sipirok wedding. Hence, it is vital for Sipirok especially the young generation to appreciate and preserved these practices.


Roles and Symbolism, Mangupa, Sipirok

Full Text:



Armin, Siregar. (2016). Paradaton Mandailing. Prosesi Mangupa Mandailing. Lentera Guru.

Bourdieu, P. (1991). Language & symbolic power. Polity: Cambridge.

Cairns, K., Johnston, J., & Baumann, S. (2010). Caring About Food. Gender & Society, 24(5), 591-615. Doi 10.1177/0891243210383419

Certeau, M., & Giard, L. (2008). The nourishing arts in Counihan C. & Esterik P. V. (Eds.), Food and culture: A reader (67-77). New York: Routledge.

Cheah, P., & Bruce, R. (1998). Cosmopolitic: Thinking and Feeling Beyond the Nation. Minneapolis: Greenwood Press.

DiPiazza, J. (2004). Italian-American foodways: A personal and academic look into Sunday Dinner. Retrieved from

Finucane, M. L., & Holup, J. L. (2005). Psychosocial and cultural factors affecting the perceived risk of genetically modified food: an overview of the literature DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2004.08.007]. Social Science & Medicine, 60(7), 1603-1612.

Flannery, E., & Mincyte, D. (2010). Food as Power. Cultural Studies - Critical Methodologies, 10(6), 423-427. doi: 10.1177/1532708610372763

Fukutomi, S. (2002). Pot Au Feu Japan: Foods and Weddings. Unpublished master dissertation, Lousiana State University.

Hidayat, Bahril. (2004). Psychological themes in the tradition of the wedding couples beginner Mangupa in South Tapanuli expatriate community in Pekanbaru, Yogyakarta: Psychology Study Program FPSB UII.

Koentjaranigrat. (2002), the People and culture in Indonesia, Jakarta: Djambatan.

Koc, M., & Welsh, J. (2002). Food, foodways and immigrant experience. Canada: Centre for Studies in Food Security Ryerson University.

LS Diapari. (1990). Customs marriage in society Batak South Tapanuli. Jakarta: Author

Lubis, Elfitriana Kaspy. (1988). Tradition Mangupa society Angkola Mandailing Batak tribe, thesis (unpublished), Pekanbaru: the Faculty of Education University of Riau.

Marakub, Marpaung. (1969). Djop ni Roha Pardomuan (Paradaton South Tapanuli) Mulberry: East Library.

Marga Persadaan Dohot Boruna Harahap. (1993). Horja: customs Dalihan Na Tolu, customary deliberation Persadaan Marga Children Harahap Dohot Boruna in Mulberry December 26 to 27, 1991, Bandung: PT. Graffiti.

Purba, AYC. (2014). The Symbol of Dayok Na Binatur in Simalungun Wedding. A Thesis. Universitas Negeri Medan.

Rosmaliza, Muhammad. (2013). The Roles and Symbolism of Foods in Malay Wedding Ceremony. Procedia Social Behavioral and Science. Elsevier .



  • There are currently no refbacks.

JELTL (Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics); Web:; Email:[email protected]

Creative Commons License
JELTL by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Indexed and Abstracted BY: