Learning through Watching: Using Animation Movie to Improve Students’ Writing Ability

Dea Silvani


Writing is often considered as a complicated skill to master. In order to be able to write effectively, there are several aspects to consider, which often make students face some problems in composing a written text. Thus, the use of the appropriate instructional media is necessary to help students overcome those problems, and enhance their writing ability. This classroom action research aims to investigate the improvement of students’ writing skill through the use of animation movie as the instructional media. The participants of this research were two observers and 38 second grade senior high school students. This research used observation as the technique of collecting the qualitative data about the teaching and learning process, which then analyzed by using thematic analysis. Meanwhile, writing tests were used to obtain the quantitative data about the students’ scores on the test given at the end of the cycles. Descriptive statistics are used to analyse the quantitative data obtained in  this study. The research result showed that their average scores increased from the pre-test (75.68), to the post test in cycle 1 (78.71) and the post- test in cycle 2 (83.55). It indicated that their writing skill was also increased. Therefore, the use of animation movie in English class can improve the second grade senior high school students’ writing skill.


writing, animation movie, narrative text

Full Text:



Akerele, J. A., & Afolabi, A. F. (2012). Effect of video on the teaching of library studies among undergraduates in Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo. Library Philosophy and Practice, 1522-0222.

Ariyanti, A. (2016). The teaching of EFL writing in Indonesia. Dinamika Ilmu, 16(2), 263-277. https://doi.org/10.21093/di.v16i2.274

Aunurrahman, A. (2019). Exploring writing anxiety of the EFL university students in Pontianak Indonesia. IJELTAL (Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics), 4(1), 109-119. http://dx.doi.org/10.21093/ijeltal.v4i1.336

Banu, T. B. J., Benu, S. V. C., & Wulandari, H. (2018). Students’ objective needs in learning to write: An overview on the EFL teaching and learning practice. IJELTAL (Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics), 3(1), 125-139. http://dx.doi.org/10.21093/ijeltal.v3i1.141

Baratta, A., & Jones, S. (2008). Using film to introduce and develop academic writing skills among UK undergraduate students. Journal of Educational Enquiry, 8(2), 15-37.

Brown, H. Douglas. (2000). Teaching by Principles. London and New York: Longman.

Brown, J. W., et al. (1983). AV Instruction. New York: McGraw Hill.

Callaghan, M., & Rothery, J. (1988). Teaching factual writing: a genre-based approach: the report of the DSP Literacy Project, Metropolitan East Region. Metropolitan East Disadvantaged Schools Program.

Clark, R. E. (1983). Reconsidering research on learning from media. Review of Educational Research, 17 (2), 92-101. https://doi.org/10.3102/00346543053004445

Cornish, S. (1992). Community access: Curriculum guidelines. Curriculum Support Unit, NSW Adult Migrant English Service.

Dj, M. Z., & Sukarnianti, S. (2015). Using hypnoteaching strategy to improve students’ writing ability. Dinamika Ilmu, 15(2), 185-199. https://doi.org/10.21093/di.v15i2.101

Ginting, K., Syafitri, D., Nehe, C., Manullang, N., & Tarigan, S. (2019). Improving students’ skill in writing narrative text through animation movie. Linguistic, English Education and Art (LEEA) Journal, 3(1), 230-237. DOI : https://doi.org/10.31539/leea.v3i1.1000

Green, J. (1992). Making the links. Melbourne: AMES Victoria.

Herron, C. A., & Hanley, J. (1992). Using video to introduce children to a foreign culture. Foreign Language Annals, 25(5), 419-426. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1944-9720.1992.tb01122.x

Harmer, J. (2001). Practice English Language Teaching. London: Longman.

Harmer, J. (2004). How to Teach Writing. London: Longman.

Heaton, J.B. (2003). Writing English Test. 6th Ed. United States of America: Longman. Inc.

Hedge, T. (2008). Writing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Heinich, R. et al. (2002). Instructional Media and Technologies for Learning. USA: Merrill Prentice Hall.

Ismaili, M. (2013). The effectiveness of using movies in the EFL classroom – A study conducted at South East European university. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 2 (4), 121-13. DOI : 10.5901/ajis.2012.v2n4p121

Kasper, L. (2002). The imagery of rhetoric: film and academic writing in the discipline-based ESL course. Teaching English in the Two-Year College, 28 (1), 52-59.

Kusumawardhani, P., & Nurhayati, N. (2019). The analysis of teaching writing to English young learners (EYL) through a Movie: An ICT Perspective. Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 11(1), 25-36. https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v11i1.5065

Kabooha, R. H. (2016). Using movies in EFL classrooms: A study conducted at the English Language Institute (ELI), King Abdul-Aziz University. English Language Teaching, 9(3), 248-267. DOI: 10.5539/elt.v9n3p248

Lestari, D. E., Loeneto, B., & Ihsan, D. (2019). The correlation among English learning anxiety, speaking and writing achievements of senior high school students. Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics, 4(2), 135-150.

Li, X., & Wang, P. (2015). A research on using English movies to improve Chinese college students' oral English. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 5(5), 1096-1100. http://dx.doi.org/10.17507/tpls.0505.26

Pandjaitan, N., Siringo-ringo, E. G., & Hendriks, A. L. (2011). A Study on the effectiveness of using animation movie compared to conventional method in teaching narrative writing. Journal of Language Pedagogy, 1(2), 69-81.

Ruis, N. et al. (2009). Instructional Media. Jakarta: Ministry of National Education.

Ruusunen, V. (2011). Using movies in EFL teaching: The point of view of teachers. Unpublished Master Thesis. Department of Languages. University of Jyväskylä.

Syafi’i, A. (2013). Using cartoon movies in process genre based approach to improve the ability of the eighth year students of SMP Wahidayah Kediri in writing narrative text. Journal Language Edu, 2 (2), 220-227.

Seferoğlu, G. (2008). Using feature films in language classes. Educational studies, 34(1), 1-9. doi: 10.1080/03055690701785202

Tognozzi, E. (2010). Teaching and evaluating language and culture through film. Italica, 87 (1), 69-91. doi: 10.2307/20750678

Zulfadlan, A., & Arifin, T. M. (2013). Improving grade X students’ achievement in writing narrative paragraph through animation movie. Journal of English Language Teaching of FBS-Unimed, 2(1), 1-16.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21462/jeltl.v5i2.418


  • There are currently no refbacks.

JELTL (Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics); Web: www.jeltl.org; Email:journal.eltl@gmail.com

Creative Commons License
JELTL by http://www.jeltl.org is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Indexed and Abstracted BY: