An Analysis of Lexical Neologisms on Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic to Enhance Morphological Knowledge

Alni Sidqiyah Afrika, Kheryadi Kheryadi, Siti Sa'diah, Afif Suaidi


The aim of this study is to find neologisms formed during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, as well as to categorize the content terms and describe the neologisms' word-formation processes. The qualitative method was used in this study, which was based on a content analysis approach. The focus of this study was on online articles and news portal websites that focused on the lexical problem of language used in the production of neologisms, with the goal of enriching the understanding of neologism as a study of analytical issue during the coronavirus pandemic. It was gathered using document reading and note-taking approaches. In addition, the referential identity technique was employed to examine the data in this study. The findings of this study demonstrate that 28 neologisms were discovered during the research process. There are three types of content words that have been discovered: nouns, verbs, and adjectives. Borrowing, derivation, compounding, clipping, blending, coinage, and multiple processes are among the seven categories of word-formation processes identified in this study. Finally, it can draw some meaningful results about the use of morphology learning strategies to engage the teaching and learning process so that learners can consistently achieve learning objectives.


content words, COVID-19, Neologism, word-formation process

Full Text:



Aji, W., & Tawami, T. (2018). Neologisme Menggunakan Akronim dan Abreviasi dalam Dota 2. 7(2), 75–82.

Amvela, E. Z., & Jackson, Howard. (2007). Words, Meaning and Vocabulary. An Introduction to Modern English Lexicology (Second Edition). Continuum.

Cipollone, N., Keiser, S. H., & Vasishth, S. (1998). Language Files Materials for an Introduction to Language & Linguistucs (Seventh Edition). Ohio State University Press Columbus.

Clark, V. P., Eschholz, P. A., & Rosa, A. F. (1994). Language Introductory Reading (Fifth edition). St. Martin’s Press, Inc.

Domínguez, J. A. (1991). The Role of Morphology in the Process of Language Acquisition and Learning. Revista Alicantina de Estudios Ingleses, 4, 37–47.

DowneWamboldt, B. (2009). Content analysis: Method, applications, and issues. Health Care for Woman International, 3(13), 313–321.

Flick, U. (2009). An Introduction to Qualitative Research (Fouth Edition). SAGE Publications Ltd.

Frăţilă, L. (2011). Words about words: An introduction to English lexicology. Editura Universităţii de Vest.

Fröhlichová, K. (2011). Word Formation and Neologism in The Current English Language [Thesis]. Západočeská univerzita.

Fromkin, V., & Rodman, R. (1998). An Introduction to Language (Sixth Edition). Harcourt Brace College Publisher.

Gontsarova, J. (2013). Neologisms in Modern English: Study of word-formation processes [Thesis]. Tartu University Narva College.

Ibrahim, E. R., Kadhim, S. A., Mayuuf, H. H., & Haleem, H. A. (2020). A Sociolinguistic Approach to Linguistic Changes Since the COVID-19 Pandemic Outbreak. Multicultural Education, 6(4), 122–128.

Karachina, О. Е. (2020). Language of Pandemic: Linguistic and Cultural Aspect. Russian Linguistic Bulletin, Выпуск 2 (22) 2020. Kerremans, D. (2015). A Web of New Words. Peterlang GmbH.

Kolobe, M. (2015). Analysis of Neologisms in Newspapers. US-China Foreign Language, 13(4), 231–235.

M., E. A. A.-A. (2020). Newspapers as Carriers of New Terms Namely (Neologism) and Their role in Enhancing Students’ Vocabulary: Guardian Newspaper as a Model. International Journal of Linguistic, Literature and Translation (IJLLT), 3(2), 180–196.

Nelkoska, V. (2020). Neologisms Under the Influence of Social Media Morpho-Semantic Analysis. Anglisticum. Journal of the Association-Institute for English Language and American Studies, 9(10), 13–19.

Norlin, S. (2012). Neologisms in Lord of the Rings Online [Thesis]. Mid Sweden Universitu.

Nugroho, A. D. (2020). How E-Learning Deals with Higher Education during the Pandemic in Indonesia. Loquen: English Studies Journal, 13(2), 51–58.

Rets, I. (2016). Teaching neologisms in English as a foreign language classroom. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 232, 813–820.

Rohbiah, T. S. (2020). An analysis of Semantic changes of English lexical borrowings in Indonesia Tourism field. Loquen: English Studies Journal, 13(1), 40–50.

Shahlee, S., & Ahmad, S. (2020). Morphological Processes of Neologisms in Social Media Among the Public Figures. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering (IJITEE), IX (3), 2526–2531.

Shahlee, S., & Mustaffa, R. (2019). Neologism in Social Networking Among Youths. Tryaksh International Journal of Multidisciplionary (TJIM), I (1), 1–9.

Veale, T., & Butnariu, C. (2010). Harvesting and understanding on-line neologisms. In A. Onysko & S. Michel (Eds.), Cognitive Perspectives on Word Formation. De Gruyter Mouton.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

JELTL (Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics); Web:; Email:

Creative Commons License
JELTL by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Indexed and Abstracted BY: