Communicative Language Teaching and Its Implementation in Online Learning: The Teachers’ Voice

Pamela Gloriez

Abstract


Communicative Language Teaching has been popular as a pedagogical approach in teaching L2 that may help students gain communicative competence. This research aimed to investigate teachers' perceptions of CLT and its implementation in online learning. This research adopted a survey research design, and 30 teachers were involved as the participants. The participants were from junior high school and senior high school teachers in Tanjungpinang-Bintan and Batam. Two questionnaires were used as the instruments. The findings of this study revealed that teachers had a good understanding of the principle of CLT. But most of the teachers showed a misconception about not teaching grammar in CLT. In addition, the teachers also practiced CLT in online learning, and they believed CLT was appropriate and effective. They were also supported with sufficient platform media and the internet even though the instructional materials were insufficient. It shows that the teachers had positive perceptions towards the practice and implementation of CLT in online learning. The result can be used as a reflection for the government to provide adequate instructional media and teachers' training in CLT that may be beneficial for teaching in online learning.


Keywords


Communicative Language Teaching, EFL, Online learning

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abe, E. (2013). Communicative language teaching in Japan: Current practices and future prospects. English Today, 29(2), 46–53. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0266078413000163

Ahmed, S. (2013). The current practices of teaching grammar in CLT at secondary school level in Bangladesh: Problems and probable solutions. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 3(8), 1328–1334. https://doi.org/10.4304/tpls.3.8.1328-1334

Alamri, W. A. (2018). Communicative Language Teaching: Possible Alternative Approaches to CLT and Teaching Contexts. English Language Teaching, 11(10), 132. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v11n10p132

Amin, F. M., & Sundari, H. (2020). Efl students’ preferences on digital platforms during emergency remote teaching: Video conference, lms, or messenger application? Studies in English Language and Education, 7(2), 362–378. https://doi.org/10.24815/siele.v7i2.16929

Amiti, F. (2020). Synchronous and Asynchronous E-Learning. European Journal of Open Education and E-Learning Studies, 5(2), 60–70. https://doi.org/10.46827/ejoe.v5i2.3313

Ansarey, D. (2012). Communicative Language Teaching in EFL Contexts: Teachers Attitude and Perception in Bangladesh. ASA University Review, 6(1).

Asmari, A. A. Al. (2015). Communicative language teaching in efl university context: Challenges for teachers. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 6(5), 976–984. https://doi.org/10.17507/jltr.0605.09

Brandl, K. (2019). Communicative Language Teaching in Action: Putting Principles to Work. Cognella Academic Publishing, 501.

Brandl, K. (2021). Communicative Language Teaching in Action. Cognella, 1689–1699.

Christianto, D. (2019). Teachers’ perception On The Use of The Communicative Language Teaching Approach In The English Classrooms. International Journal of Indonesian Education and Teaching, 3(1), 128–136.

Eisenring, M. A. A., & Margana, M. (2019). the Importance of Teacher – Students Interaction in Communicative Language Teaching (Clt). PRASASTI: Journal of Linguistics, 4(1), 46. https://doi.org/10.20961/prasasti.v4i1.17052

Farooq, M. U. (2015). Creating a communicative language teaching environment for improving students’ communicative competence at EFL/EAP University level. International Education Studies, 8(4), 179–191. https://doi.org/10.5539/ies.v8n4p179

Harahap, N. H., Sanusi, A., & Sinaga, D. P. (2021). The Increasing of Students ’ English Speaking by Using Communicative Language Teaching ( CLT ) through Online Learning in Pandemic Covid-19. BIRCI-Journal, 4, 8935–8941.

JENA, P. K. (2020). Online Learning During Lockdown Period For Covid-19 In India. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Educational Research (IJMER), 514(5). https://doi.org/10.31235/osf.io/qu38b

Khan, S., Taj, S., & Maroof, R. Y. (2021). Effectiveness of CLT in developing technical English writing skills at undergraduate level in the context of Pakistan. FWU Journal of Social Sciences, 15(1), 81–89. https://doi.org/10.51709/19951272/spring2021/15-7

Latief, Muhammad Adnan. (2019). Research Methods on Language Learning An Introduction.Malang. UM Press

Liu, D. (2019). The Role of CLT in Innovating the Intensive Reading Course for Second-year English Majors in China. Journal of Education and Human Development, 8(2), 159–167. https://doi.org/10.15640/jehd.v8n2a16

Mai Ngoc, K., & Iwashita, N. (2012). A comparison of learners’ and teachers’ attitudes toward communicative language teaching at two universities in Vietnam. University of Sydney Papers in TESOL, 7, 25–49.

Mason, A., & Payant, C. (2019). Experienced teachers’ beliefs and practices toward communicative approaches in teaching English as a foreign language in rural Ukraine. TESOL Journal, 10(1), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1002/tesj.377

Morteza Bakhtiarvand, Gholam Ali Kalanzadeh, & Noor Allah Nahak Mirchenar. (2013). Perceived Problems in Using Communicative Language Teaching (CLT). The International Journal of Language Learning and Applied Linguistics World, 3(2), 13. http://www.languagelearningworld.org

Mugimu, C. B., & Sekiziyivu, S. (2016). Authentic Instructional Materials and the Communicative Language Teaching Approach of German as Foreign Language in Uganda. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 15(5), 61–74.

Mustapha, S. M., & Yahaya, R. A. (2013). Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) in Malaysian Context: Its’ Implementation in Selected Community Colleges. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 90(InCULT 2012), 788–794. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.07.153

Muthuprasad, T., Aiswarya, S., Aditya, K. S., & Jha, G. K. (2021). Students’ perception and preference for online education in India during COVID -19 pandemic. Social Sciences & Humanities Open, 3(1), 100101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssaho.2020.100101

Michotte, A. (2019). The Perception of Causality (1sted). London: Routledge

Ng, C. H. (2020). Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) through Synchronous Online Teaching in English Language Preservice Teacher Education. International Journal of TESOL Studies, July 2020. https://doi.org/10.46451/ijts.2020.09.06

Prasad, B. B. N. (2013). Communicative Language Teaching in 21st Century ESL Classroom. English for Specific Purposes World, 40(14), 1–8. http://www.philologician.com/Articles_40/Prasad.pdf

Promtara, N., & Suwannarak, K. (2018). Thai Students and T eachers ’ Perceptions of Learning and Teaching English through the Communicative Language Teaching Approach. NIDA, 23(33), 23–42.

Rahmawati, Y. (2018). Teachers’ Perspective on the Implementation of Communicative Approach in Indonesian Classrooms. IJEE (Indonesian Journal of English Education), 5(1), 92–100. https://doi.org/10.15408/ijee.v5i1.9881

Richards, J. (2006). Communicative Language Teaching Today. In Cambridge University Press (Vol. 25, Issue 2).

Robertson, E. (2010). The Asian EFL Journal Quarterly. Asian EFL Journal, 7(4), 111–130.

Sarosa, T. (2014). Implementing Curriculum 2013 by Using Communicative Language Teaching. The 3rd UAD TEFL International Conference, 1–6.

Sasstos, L. M. Dos. (2020). The discussion of communicative language teaching approach hi language classrooms. 7(2), 104–109. https://doi.org/10.20448/journal.509.2020.72.104.109

Septianingsih, P. A. (2021). Urban and Rural Area Graduate Students ’ Perceptions toward Synchronous English Learning amidst Covid-19 Pandemic. 6(3), 643–658.

Sherwani, S., & Kiliç, M. (2017). Teachers’ Perspectives of the use of CLT in ELT Classrooms: A Case of Soran District of Northern Iraq. Arab World English Journal, 8(3), 191–206. https://doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol8no3.13

Sreehari, P. (2012). Communicative language teaching: Possibilities and problems. English Language Teaching, 5(12), 87–93. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v5n12p87

Toro, V., Camacho-Minuche, G., Pinza-Tapia, E., & Paredes, F. (2018). The Use of the Communicative Language Teaching Approach to Improve Students’ Oral Skills. English Language Teaching, 12(1), 110. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v12n1p110

Trinder, R. (2015). Blending technology and face-to-face: Advanced students’ choices. ReCALL, 28(1), 83–102. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0958344015000166

Wendy, T. (2021). Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) in the context of online Learning: A literature review. International Journal of TESOL & Education, 1(2), 65–71. https://i-jte.org/index.php/journal/article/view/23

Yanti, G. S., Regina, & Ikhsanudin. (2017). Teachers’ Perceptions and Practices of Communicative Language Teaching. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran Untan, 6(4), 1–16. https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/214854-teachers-perceptions-and-practices-of-co.pdf

Yasin. (2017). Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) for teaching speaking. English Education Journal (Program Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Semarang), 8(3), 322–337. http://library1.nida.ac.th/termpaper6/sd/2554/19755.pdf




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21462/jeltl.v7i1.751

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.






JELTL (Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics); Web: www.jeltl.org; Email:[email protected]


Creative Commons License
JELTL by http://www.jeltl.org is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License


Indexed and Abstracted BY: