A Discourse Analysis of Grammatical Cohesion in News Item Text of "Symphony 3" XII Grade English Textbook

Nurwahidah Nurwahidah, Didin Nuruddin Hidayat, Nida Husna, Alek Alek

Abstract


This study aims to (1) determine the kind of grammatical cohesion devices that were used in a news item text of a textbook (2) to examine how reference, substitution, ellipses, and conjunction were used to describe the Cohesion that was used in the news item text of an English textbook for senior high school students in the 12th grade "Symphony 3". This study is qualitative descriptive research. The analysis of data found that the grammatical cohesion devices in the news item text of the textbook are reference, conjunction, and ellipsis. References become the most common devices, followed by conjunction and ellipsis. Surprisingly, there is no substitution found in this text. Hence, substitution and ellipsis are the two most minor common forms of cohesive devices. It demonstrates that the two types of coherent devices have no use in written discourse. The news item text of the textbook is written cohesively "good" as the percentage is 61 % for the reference. In comparison, 38% for the conjunction is categorized as "fair." This textbook is considered an objective criterion of cohesiveness. It may be fascinating to analyze these in separate studies in spoken discourse, particularly spontaneous speech.


Keywords


Discourse Analysis; grammatical cohesion; news item text

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abusaeedi, A. A. R. (2012). Use of Cohesive Ties in English as a Foreign Language Students’ Writing. Iranian Journal of Applied Language Studies, 2(1), 137–156. https://www.sid.ir/en/Journal/ViewPaper.aspx?ID=247358

Albana, H. H., Marzuki, A. G., Alex, & Hidayat, D. N. (2020). Cohesive Devices in Student’s Writing (A discourse Analysis on Argumentative Text). Jurnal Pendidikan Humaniora, 8(1), 6–11. http://journal.um.ac.id/index.php/jph/article/view/13632

Alyousef, H. S. (2021). Text Cohesion in English Scientific Texts Written by Saudi Undergraduate Dentistry Students: A Multimodal Discourse Analysis of Textual and Logical Relations in Oral Biology Texts. SAGE Open, 11(3). https://doi.org/10.1177/21582440211032194

Ayub, Seken, K., & Suarnajaya, W. (2013). An Analysis of The Cohesion and Coherence of Students’ English Writings at The Second Grade of SMAN 1 Labuapi West Lombok. E-Journal Program Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, 1(1). http://pasca.undiksha.ac.id/e-journal/index.php/jpbi/article/view/735

Bae, J. (2001). Cohesion and Coherence in Children’s Written English: Immersion and English-only Classes. Issues in Applied Linguistics, 12(1), 51–88. https://doi.org/10.5070/l4121005043

Blakemore, D. (2001). Discourse and Relevance Theory in D. Schriffrin, D. Tannen, & H. E. Hamilton (ed.), The Handbook of Discourse Analysis. Blackwell Publishers Inc.

Brows, G., & Yule, G. (1983). Discourse Analysis. Cmbridge University Press.

Cook, G. (1989). Discourse. Oxford University Press.

Ekowati, A., Rahmat, A., & Murtadho, F. (2019). Gramatical Cohesion and Lectical Cohesion in Text Report on Student Observation Results. JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), 4(1), 169. https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v4i1.991

Gang, W., & Qiao, L. I. U. (2014). On the Theoretical Framework of the Study of Discourse Cohesion and Coherence. Studies in Literature and Language, 8(2), 32–37. https://doi.org/10.3968/4512

Halliday, M. A. K., & Hasan, R. (1976). Cohesion in English. Longman.

Hum, C., & Choi, T.-H. (2020). Language-in-Education Policy Formation through A Consultation-Based System: The Case of Multilingual Curricula in Cambodian Universities. The Journal of AsiaTEFL, 17(2), 463–478. https://doi.org/10.18823/asiatefl.2020.17.2.10.463

Izwaini, S., & Al-Omar, H. (2019). The Translation of Substitution and Ellipsis in Arabic Subtitling. Journal of Audiovisual Translation, 2(1), 126–151. https://doi.org/10.47476/jat.v2i1.14

Jayanti, D., & Hidayat, D. N. (2021). Grammatical Cohesive Devices in Reading Text: A Discourse Analysis of English Test for Junior High School. Jet Adi Buana, 6(01), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.36456/jet.v6.n01.2021.2963

Joan, C. (2002). Pragmatics and Discourse: A Resource Book for Students. Routledge.

Kristiana, N. (2020). Grammatical Cohesion of the Narrative Writing the Ninth Grade Students of Junior High School. 1(1), 264–271. http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/91

Kuncahya, A. O. (2015). Cohesion in Narrative Texts Presented in The Electronic Textbook of Senior High School Grade X Entitled “Developing English Competence” (Vol. 151). https://doi.org/10.1145/3132847.3132886

Masithoh, H., & Fadlilah, S. (2017). Grammatical Cohesion Found in Recount Texts of “Pathway to English” X Grade Curriculum 2013 General Program by Erlangga. Vision: Journal for Language and Foreign Language Learning, 6(1), 77. https://doi.org/10.21580/vjv6i11586

Matthienssen, C. M. I. M., & Halliday, M. A. K. (2014). Halliday ’ s Introduction to Functional Grammar.

Maulida, Z. N., Surtiana, & Nugraha, I. (2020). An Analysis of Grammatical Cohesion in Students’ Writing (A Case Study in The Eleventh Year Students of SMAN 1 Garut). English Education and Applied Linguistics (EEAL) Journal 65, 3(2), 65–74. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31980/eeal%20journal.v3i2.1111

McCarthy, M. (1991). McCarthy, M. 1991. Discourse Analysis for Language Teachers. Cambridge University Press.

Moleong, J. J. (1998). Metodologi Penelitian. PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Nunan, D. (1993). Introducing Discourse Analysis. Penguin Group.

Nurhidayat, E. F., Apriani, E., & Edy, S. (2021). International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding The Analysis of Cohesive Devices Used by Tertiary English Students in Writing English Paragraphs. 70–81. https://doi.org/htdoi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v8i4.2443

Puspita, G. S., Khairun Nisa, F. R., & Suprijadi, D. (2019). Lexical Cohesion in News Article on the Jakarta Post Entitled “Why Full Day School Will Not Work in Indonesia?” PROJECT (Professional Journal of English Education), 2(4), 507. https://doi.org/10.22460/project.v2i4.p507-513

Rao, K. D. ., Swami, J. A., Vasudevan, P., & Vijayalakshmi. (2019). Symphony 3 (English Course Book) for Senior High School Grade XII. Quadra.

Rudiana. (2021). The Realization of Grammatical Cohesion Devices in Efl Students’ Argumentative Essays. JALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics and Literacy), 5(1). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.25157/jall.v5i1.4975

Schiffrin, D., Tannen, D., & Hamilton, H. E. (2001). The Handbook of Discourse Analysis. Blackwell Publishers Inc.

Thi, T., & Ngo, H. (2019). Grammatical and Lexical Cohesion : Their Contribution to Rhetorical Effect of Barack Obama ’ s Presidential Inaugural Address. 03(06), 1299–1305. http://sshj.in/index.php/sshj/ Social

Trisnaningrum, Y., Alek, A., & Hidayat, D. N. (2019). Discourse Analysis of Grammatical Cohesion Devices in College Students’ Academic Writing Essay. IJEE (Indonesian Journal of English Education), 6(1), 79–90. https://doi.org/10.15408/ijee.v6i1.12502




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21462/jeltl.v7i1.764

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.






JELTL (Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics); Web: www.jeltl.org; Email:[email protected]


Creative Commons License
JELTL by http://www.jeltl.org is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License


Indexed and Abstracted BY: