Boosting 21st Century Skills through Moroccan ELT Textbooks

Hassan Ait Bouzid

Abstract


Research shows that the changing realities of the 21st century necessitate a fundamental shift in language education towards promoting 21st Century Skills. This paper investigates the extent to which three Moroccan ELT textbooks currently used in teaching second year Baccalaureate students in public high school provide activities that help learners build skills that match the needs of the 21st century. It also explores the types of activities that are used to promote these skills and eventually suggests some ways in which these skills could be promoted effectively in future textbooks. It draws the attention of teachers, educational policy makers, school inspectors and textbook designers to the importance of incorporating activities that facilitate the acquisition of a set of skills that meet the demands of the 21st century. The study adopts a concurrent triangulation design and used content analysis as a mixed method that combines quantitative and qualitative techniques. Quantitative findings show that textbooks tend to provide very little activities that enable learners to develop their ICT skills. Also, they do not encourage learners to think creatively and develop career and life-skills. Qualitative findings indicate that textbooks tend to present these skills in a traditional way that does not cater for the 21st century context. This paper concludes with suggesting activities that will help future textbooks present 21st Century Skills in ways that will facilitate the transfer of these skills to Moroccan English language learners.


Full Text:

PDF

References


American Council on Teaching of Foreign Languages. (1995). Standards for foreign language learning preparing for the 21st century. Alexandria: Author.

American Council on Teaching of Foreign Languages.(2011). 21st Century Skills map. Retrieved from https://www.actfl.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/21stCenturySkillsMap/p21_worldlanguagesmap.pdf. Accessed on 30 July 2016.

Cohen, L., Manion, L. & Morrison, K. (2007). Research methods in education. London: Routledge

Cunningsworth, A. (1995). Choosing your Coursebook. Oxford: Heinemann

Garinger, D. (2002). Textbook selection for ESL classroom. Eric Digest, 2 (10)

Hammani, M., Ahssen, S. & Tansaoui, L. (2007). Ticket 2 English students’ book.. Casablanca: D.I.O. El Hadita

Hassim, M., Blibil, M., & Rasmy, A. (2007). Gateway to English 2. Rabat : Nadia Edition

Hutchinson, T., & Torres, E. (1994). The textbook as agent of change. ELT Journal, 48/4, 315-328

Jibreel, I. (2015). Evaluating Blue Skies 6 with reference to Yemeni students. Arab World English Journal, 6/2, 372 –384

Krippendorff, K. (2013) Content analysis: An introduction to its methodology. CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Litz, D. (2005). Textbook evaluation and EFL management: a South Korean case study. Asian EFL Journal, 48:1-53.

McDonough, J., & Shaw, C. (2003). Materials and methods in ELT. Oxford: Blackwell.

Ministry of National Education. (2007). English language guidelines for secondary schools: common core, first year, and second year

Baccalaureate. Rabat: Author.

Najib, M., & El Haddad, E. (2007). Insights into English 2. Rabat: Al Massar Edition

National Education Policy. (2012). Preparing 21st Century Students for a Global Society: An educator’s guide to the 4Cs. Retrieved from http://www.nea.org/assets/docs/A-Guide-to-Four-Cs.pdf. Accessed on 30 July 2016.

Pacific Policy Research Center. (2010). 21st Century Skills for Students and Teachers. Honolulu: Kamehameha Schools, Research & Evaluation Division. Retrieved from http://www.ksbe.edu/_assets/spi/pdfs/21_century_skills_full.pdf. Accessed on 30 July 2016.

Partnership for 21st Century Skills. (2008). 21st Century Skills, Education & Competitiveness: A resource and policy guide. Tucson, AZ: author. Retrieved from http://www.p21.org/storage/documents/21st_century_skills_education_and_competitiveness_guide.pdf. Accessed on 30 July 2016.

Richards, J.C. (2001). Curriculum development in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Scott, C. L. (2015). The futures of learning 2: what kind of learning for the 21st century? Education research and foresight working papers. Paris: UNESCO.

Sheldon, L. (1988). Evaluating ELT textbooks and materials. ELT Journal, 42(4), 237-246




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21462/jeltl.v1i2.24

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.






JELTL (Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics); Web: www.jeltl.org; Email:journal.eltl@gmail.com


Creative Commons License
JELTL by http://www.jeltl.org is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License


Indexed and Abstracted BY: