Textual Analysis through Systemic Functional Linguistics

Roy Randy Y. Briones


This paper primarily attempts to provide readers with a means of analyzing texts by using an approach that is considered important by applied linguists, that of Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL). This work identified the similarities and differences between two texts, a movie review and a news article, that dealt with the same topic, namely, the movie “Star Wars: The Force Awakens”. In identifying the texts’ similarities and differences, the Systemic Functional Linguistic principles of Tenor/Interpersonal Metafunction and Field/Experiential Metafunction were applied. From the interpersonal metafunction analysis, it can be concluded that both texts share similar moods and modalities.  However, a closer inspection would reveal that Text 1 appears to negotiate a positive review of the film through an extensive demonstration of declarative statements that talk about the merits of the film and that of the director’s while Text 2 is more of a reportage of relevant information and interviews from the film.  In terms of the Experiential metafunction, Text 1 delves on material and relational processes that advance the film, the director, and the characters, whereas Text 2 differs as it focuses more on advancing the film while putting little emphasis on the director and the movie characters.


SFL, tenor, interpersonal metafunction, experiential metafunction, news article

Full Text:



Film Review (n.d.). Retrieved from https://twp.duke.edu/uploads/media_items/film-review-1.original.pdf

Gledhill, (2013). The ‘Field Tenor Mode’ framework for analysis. Retrieved from http://www.eila.univ-paris-diderot.fr/_media/user/christopher_gledhill/m1_cm3_field_tenor_mode_framework_gledhill.pdf?id=user:christopher_gledhill:m1_technical_

Halliday, M.A.K. & Matthiessen, C. (2004). An Introduction to Functional Grammar. Hodder Arnold.

Liping, C. (2014). Experiential Metafunctional Analysis of Winston S. Churchill’s Speech on Hitler’s Invasion of the U.S.S.R.. English Language Teaching, 7(9). Retrieved from http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/elt/article/viewFile/39480/21860

Mann, W., Matthiessen, C., dan Thompson, S. (1989). Rhetorical Structure Theory and Text Analysis. University of Southern California

Tenney, B.L. (2011). Discuss: Art is Subjective, But Does an Objectively Good Film Exist?. Retrieved from http://www.firstshowing.net/2011/discuss-art-is-subjective-but-does-an-objectively-good-film-exist/

Thompson, Geoff. (2014). Introducing Functional Grammar (3rd edition) London & New York: Routledge.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21462/jeltl.v1i2.27


  • There are currently no refbacks.

JELTL (Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics); Web: www.jeltl.org; Email:[email protected]

Creative Commons License
JELTL by http://www.jeltl.org is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Indexed and Abstracted BY: