ESP Needs Analysis at the Moroccan University: Renewable Energy Engineering Students at EST Fes as a Case Study

Hanae AIT HATTANI

Abstract


With English becoming the world’s lingua franca and the proliferating scientific and technological advances, English language education has been gradually shifting from its classical applications such as EFL (English as a foreign language) or ESL (English as a second language) toward new paradigms like English for specific purposes (ESP). The most important and problematic question in ESP teaching and learning is whether the course is effective or not. ESP is student-task oriented, thus, measuring its effectiveness is strongly related to measuring learners’ attitudes, needs, expectations, satisfaction, and achievement. For this purpose, this study attempted to investigate ESP needs analysis of Moroccan university students, case study of renewable energy engineering students at the Higher School of Technology (ESTF).  The research was conducted using quantitative surveys d. The data was gathered from 30 undergraduate renewable energy engineering students. The study findings confirmed that the participant students have highly favorable attitudes towards English language for both their personal and professional careers. However, the survey results indicated that these students have some difficulties with English language productive skills, namely speaking and writing, in addition to some other sub-skills. Therefore, this research suggests a reform at the level of ESP teaching and learning curricular, focusing on the incorporation of innovative approached and methods that aims at enhancing students’ language acquisition and competency.


Keywords


Needs analysis; ESP; learning skills; difficulties; proficiency

Full Text:

PDF

References


Basturkmen, H (2003). “Specificity and ESP Course Design”. RELC Journal, 34(1), 48-63.

Basturkmen, H (2010). Developing Course in English for Specific Purposes. Houndmills,

Basingstoke, Hamsphire: Palgrave McMillan.

Belcher , D. ( 2009 ). “What ESP is and can be: An introduction”. In D. Belcher (ed.), English for Specifi c Purposes in Theory and Practice (p.1-20) . Ann Arbor, MI : University of Michigan Press

Benesch , S. ( 2001 ) Critical English for Academic Purposes: Theory, Politics, and Practice. Mahwah, NJ : Lawrence Erlbaum .

Brown, J. D. (1995). The Elements of Language Curriculum: A Systematic Approach to Program Development. New York: Heinle and Heinle.

Brown , J. D. ( 2009 ) “Foreign and second language needs analysis” . In M. Long and C. Doughty (Eds.), The Handbook of Language Teaching . (p. 269- 293) . Oxford : Wiley –Blackwell.

Burns, A. and Richards, J. C. (Eds.). (2012). The Cambridge Guide to Pedagogy and Practice in Second Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chambers, F. (1980). “A re-evaluation of needs analysis in ESP”. ESP Journal, I (1), 25-33.

Dudley-Evans, T. and St. John, M. J. (1998). Developments of in English for Specific Purposes: A Multi-disciplinary Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Flowerdew, J, & Peacock, M. (2001). Research Perspectives on English for Academic Purposes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Garcia Mayo, M. D. P. (2000). English for Specific Purposes: Discourse Analysis and Course Design. Bilbao: Universidad Del Pais Vasco.

Hemissi, H.(1981). "Some Aspects of English for Specific Purposes in Tunisian Education". In Swales, John & Hassan, M. (eds.). English for Specific Purposes in the Arab World. Birmingham: Language Studies Unit Publications.

Hewings, M. (2002). “A history of ESP through ‘English for specific purposes’”. ESP-World, 1(3). Retrieved December21, 2018 from http:// www.esp-world.info/Articles_3/issue_3.html

Hoadley-Maidment, E. (1983). “Methodology for the identification of language learning needs of immigrant learners of English through mother-tongue interviews”. In Richterich (ed.), 39-51.

Howard, R. &Brown, G. (Eds.) (1997). Teacher Education for Languages for Specific Purposes. Clevedon: Multilingual Masters Ltd.

Hutchinson, T &Waters, A. (1987). English for Specific Purposes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Johns, A., & Dudley-Evans, T. (1991). “English for specific purposes: International in scope, specific in purpose”. TESOL Quarterly, 25(2), 297- 314.

Johns, A. (2013). “The history of English for specific purposes research” .In B. Paltridge & S. Starfield (Eds.), The handbook of English for specific purposes (pp. 5-30). Oxford: WileyBlackwell.

Jordan, R. R. (1997). English for Academic Purposes: A guide and resource book for teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kakepoto, I. (2005). Perspectives on Oral Communication Skills for Engineers in Engineering Profession in Pakistan. Retrieved from http://www.ijalel.org/pdf/129.pdf on January 5, 2019.

Knapp, K. &Seidlhofer, B. (Eds.) (2009). Handbook of Foreign Language Communication and Learning. Berlin: Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data.

Kırkgöz, Y. &Dikilitaş, K. (Eds.) (2018). Key Issues in English for Specific Purposes inHigher Education. Switzerland: Springer.

Long , M. ( 2005 ). “Methodological issues in learner needs analysis”. In M. Long (ed.), Second Language Needs Analysis . (p. 19 – 76 ). Cambridge : Cambridge University Press .

Mharaj, M. (2017). “ESP Needs Analysis of Moroccan University Students: Case study of computer engineering students at EST” in The Editors. English for Specific Purposes: A Reader. Egypt: Dar AL Maha for Printing.

Ouakrim, M. (2017). “ESP in Morocco: A revisited demystification for the 21st century”. In The Editors. English for Specific Purposes: A Reader. Egypt: Dar AL Maha for Printing.

Richterich, R. (ed.) (1983). Case studies in identifying language needs. Oxford: Pergamon/Council of Europe.

Rus, D. (2015). “The Acquisition of oral communication skills in an ESP class in NA.Discourse as a form of Multiculralism in Literature and Communication. ARHIPELAG XXI PRESS, TÎRGU MUREȘ.

Shmit, M. (1981). “Needs Assessment in English for Specific Purposes: The Case Study” in Selinker, Tarone, and Hanzeli (29) 199-210.

Swales, J. “Language for specific purposes,” International Encyclopedia of Linguistics, Vol. 2, W. Bright, Ed. Oxford: Oxford U. P., 1992, p. 300.

Westerfield, K. “An overview of needs assessment in English for specific purposes,” Best Practices in ESP E-Teacher Course, Oregon: University of Oregon, 2010, pp. 1-6.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21462/jeltl.v4i1.218

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.






JELTL (Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics); Web: www.jeltl.org; Email:journal.eltl@gmail.com


Creative Commons License
JELTL by http://www.jeltl.org is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License


Indexed and Abstracted BY: