Attitude towards Javanese Language: A Case Study of English Department Students in Brawijaya University, Indonesia

Destyana Cory Prastiti, Emy Sudarwati


This study aims to scrutinize the attitude of Javanese youth towards their use of local language. There are two research questions proposed in this study such as namely: 1) how is the attitude of Javanese youth towards their local language, 2) what are the factors that effect on their attitudes. The objectives of this study are to define the attitude of Javanese youth towards their local language and to discover why they are behaving so. Furthermore, this study adopted qualitative method applying descriptive analysis and selected the students of English Department of Batch 2014 Batch in Brawijaya University as the participants. The results showed that the subjects indicated showed both positive and negative attitudes towards the use of Javanese language depending on the context. The positive attitude was frequently revealed on questions related to their efforts in conserving Javanese as the local language, while the negative attitude was mostly reflected on the statements associated with their language preference in daily life. Moreover, there are several factors affecting their language attitudes namely the Javanese language internal system, social and traditional, and the prestige and the power of language.


Javanese youth, language attitude, local language

Full Text:



Appel, R., & Muysken, P. (1987). Language Contact and Bilingualism. Amsterdam University Press.

Bailey, B. (2001). The language of multiple identities among Dominican Americans. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 10(2), 190–223.

Bucholtz, M. (1999). “Why be normal?”: Language and identity practices in a community of nerd girls. Language in Society, 28(2), 203–223.

Bucholtz, M., & Skapoulli, E. (2009). Youth language at the intersection: From migration to globalization. Pragmatics, 19(1), 1–16.

Crystal, D. (2008). A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. Blackwell Publishing.

Dornyei, Z. (2007). Research Methods in Applied Linguistics: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methodologies. Oxford University Press.

Eckert, P. (2000). Linguistic Variation as Social Practice: The Linguistic Construction of Identity in Belten High. Blackwell.

Fasold, R. (1984). The Sociolinguistics of Society. Blackwell Publishing.

Fitri, H. L. (2018). Language Attitude of Maindailingnese Teenagers in Desa Sidojadi Kecamatan Bukit Malintang Kabupaten Maindailing Natal. Jurnal Linguistik Terapan Pascasarjana Unimed, 15(2), 125–134.

Hartono. (2013). The Attitude of Young Javanese Learning English towards their Mother Tongue in Relation to the Maintenance of Multilingual Society. CONAPLIN 6 International Conference on Applied Linguistics, 176–183.

Jendra, M. I. I. (2010). Sociolinguistics: The Study of Societies’ Languages. Graha Ilmu.

Laila, A. N. (2013). Language Attitudes and Language Preference of Indonesian-Javanese Teenagers in Melbourne, Australia: A Sociolinguistics View. Medan Bahasa, 7(2), 9–17.

Machmud, P. A., & Hastuti, E. (2019). Language attitude of Tegal Javanese dialect maintenance on food stall sellers in Depok, Indonesia. European Journal of Literature, Language and Linguistics Studies, 3(3), 100–107.

Nirmala, D. (2015). Attitudes towards javanese language and its maintenance by the english department students of diponegoro university. International Seminar “Language Maintenance and Shift” V.

Nuryani. (2014). Sikap Bahasa Masyarakat Urban terhadap Bahasa Indonesia (Menemukan Tipe Pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia di Sekolah Wilayah Rural dan Urban ). Konferensi Internasional Linguistik Universitas Airlangga Surabaya.

Pohan, F., & Butarbutar, R. (2020). Javanese language attitude towards speech levels of vernacular in district of Bandar Selamat Medan. Musamus Journal of Language and Literature, 2(2), 56–70.

Rahmawati, S. (2013). The Javanese people attitude toward Sundanese language. Passage, 1(2), 211–217.

Rampton, B. (2005). No Crossing: Language and Ethnicity among Adolescents. St. Jerome Publishing.

Seli, S. (2020). No TiLanguage Choice and Attitude in Sumatran-Javanese Intermarriage Families in Relation to Language Maintenance in Lubuklinggautle. JEEL (Journal of English Education, Literature, and Linguistics), 3(1), 116–130.

Setiawan, S. (2013). Children’s Language in a Bilingual Community in East Java. The University of Western Australia.

Smith-hefner, N. J. (2007). Youth Language, Gaul Sociability, and the New Indonesian Middle Class. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 17(2), 184–203.

Subroto, E., Dwirahardjo, M., & Setiawan, B. (2008). Endangered krama and krama inggil varieties of the Javanese language. Linguistik Indonesia, 26(1), 90–96.

Tabi Manga, J. (2000). Les politiques linguistiques du Cameroun. Editions Karthala.

Tamtomo, K. (2012). Multilingual Youth, Literacy Practices, and Globalization in an Indonesian City: A Preliminary Exploration. Tilburg Papers in Culture Studies, 41.

Ting, S., & Puah, Y. (2011). Young Hokkien Speakers ’ Pride in Their Ethnic Language and Mandarin. International Conference on Minority and Majority: Language, Culture and Identity, July.

Wulandari, D. (2013). The importance of positive attitude in maintaining Javanese language. International Seminar on Language Maintenance.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

JELTL (Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics); Web:; Email:[email protected]

Creative Commons License
JELTL by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Indexed and Abstracted BY: